As the weather is beginning to warm up, so too is interest in allocating green spaces in urban cities. In Copenhagen, DK, the goal is for everyone to have easy access to an urban garden. The interest in creating urban gardens has led to a variety of different garden styles in Copenhagen. Some of the gardens of interest are: Asistens Kirkegaard, the Fortification Parks, Botanisk Have, Mimersparken, and Superkilen.
Assistens Kirkegaard was originally created 1760. The cemetery contains the remains of many important Danes, including: Hans Christian Andersen, Søreb Kierkgaard, and Christen Købke, to name a few. Today, the cemetery is still used as a burial ground. However, it is also a beautiful space for people to pay their respects and wander through the lush greenery. During the spring, people who visit the park will likely see trees in bloom and beautiful flowers lining the graves. The natural beauty of the park connotes respect towards the deceased and offers a wonderful spot for contemplation.
The photo above, is an undated photo showing people enjoying the blooming trees in Assistens Kirkegaard, the photo was found on http://assistens.dk/. Below, is a picture of some of the trees in the park today, taken from http://reisutiverden.no/.
Like most architectural projects in Denmark, the Fortification parks were carried out at the request of Christian IV. However, it wasn’t until 1868 that land from the fortifications was designated as a park. The land from the fortification was split into three different parks, including: Østre Anlæg, Østedparken, and Aborreparken. In 1870, the Botanical Gardens were also added to the Fortification parks.
Today the parks offer an opportunity for people to wander along different paths, often alongside a body of water (rivers and ponds). The Botanic gardens in particular, are important to people today. Specifically, the University of Copenhagen uses the gardens to study different plants and provide educational opportunities for the public.
Check out this website: http://www.free-city-guides.com/copenhagen/botanical-gardens/ to learn more about the botanical gardens.
Clearly, all of the abovementioned parks are important for their use of greenery and space.
Mimersparken and Superkilen, which both opened recently in 2012, offer more contemporary approaches to greenspace. Much of the land in both Mimersparken and Superkilen, is covered by pavement, with some sections of grass. The design of Superkilen in particular, features pavement painted with a funky design, as evidenced by the aerial view of the park below.
For more images of Superkilen, go to this website: https://collabcubed.com/2012/02/15/superkilen-and-the-red-square-in-copenhagen/.
Both parks were designed to include members of the community and children. For instance, Mimersparken has a basketball court, a football and hockey field. There is also a playground for kids to enjoy. Superkilen contains a playground and equipment for kids as well. It also contains a skate park. The park is unique because it features monuments and plants from places across the world. For Superkilen’s design, residents of the community were asked to submit suggestions for the parks features. Overall, Superkilen represents the diversity of the community and the residents of Copenhagen’s general desire for inclusiveness.
When combined together, it is clear that parks in Copenhagen are intended to include a diverse group of people. Entire neighborhoods benefit from the parks, as they offer an opportunity for kids to run and play and adults to relax or, perhaps, play themselves. Contemporary urban parks demonstrate the necessity of accessing open greenspaces in our busy lives and should not be taken for granted!